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Febuary 25 Arctic ice melting affects the whole world immensely: from transportation, to tourism, to study, and to polar bears Date:2017-03-01
Arctic ice melting affects the whole world immensely: from transportation, to tourism, to study, and to polar bears
The US National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the UK Met Office track the Earth’s temperatures every year and the results show that the temperatures in recent years keep the same rising trend and have been breaking records often. 2016 was the hottest year on record and was 1.78 degrees Fahrenheit above the 20th century average. If the North Pole melts, it will create a tremendous ecological disaster. Therefore the existing number of 26000 polar bears is estimated to decline 30% over 35 years.
In 2016 Arctic sea ice had only 9.08 million square kilometers left, a reduction of 1.95 million square kilometers compared to 1981 to 2010 levels. If all of Greenland’s ice sheet were melted, the sea level would rise by 7 meters. The marsh gas and methane in the permafrost along the Arctic Ocean might be released to the atmosphere due to softening of the soil, leading to an even greater climate change crisis.
However some industries are also exploring the value of tapping the gas in there and Greenland’s neighboring countries are actively preparing for mining her natural gas and petroleum resources. Many countries are also exploring the possibility of ice navigation of ships in order to greatly reduce sea freight time between Europe and Asia. The melting of ice sheets can also drive development of tourism and give people the chance to have a glimpse of animal specimens frozen in ice.
Airport reform
The roofs of airport terminals and lands of airports can be equipped with solar panels, while airplane waste and excreta from restrooms in airport terminals can also be used for biogas power generation. The Airports Council International (ACI) is dedicated to promoting 100% carbon neutrality in airports to enable them to generate power themselves and enhance economic efficiency. Athens International Airport is the 28th airport to achieve carbon neutrality. The third airport terminal under construction in Taoyuan International Airport can also learn from the example and become carbon neutral.

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