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December 13 The Electronic Road Pricing System in Singapore

Singapore is a narrow strip of land with a dense population and the total area is only a bit over 700 square kilometers. For the purpose of providing a good living quality, not only a comprehensive national land planning is in place, a sound traffic system also has to be set up and smooth traffic needs to be maintained as well. The Singapore government works actively to provide traffic services and makes national land planning go together with traffic networks that results in superhighways with a total length of 161 kilometers, 150 kilometers of rapid transit system, and 29 kilometers of light-rail transit system.

 

Despite the fact that the public transport system is comprehensive, the demand for automobiles is increasing without declining with the rise of the economic standards of Singapore and the policy of accepting high-level immigrants. The Singapore government adopts a method of limiting quantity to control price by setting up a vehicle quota system to control the annual growth of vehicles. Those who want to purchase a vehicle need to bid for a certificate of entitlement. The number of certificates of entitlement issued each year cannot exceed the number of vehicles de-registered that year.

Furthermore the Singapore government has been improving on the public traffic and transport system continuously and established Singapore Licensing Scheme in the most crowded area in the Central Business District (CBD) that accounted for 7.2 square kilometers in area and coupled with measures like congestion charge to reduce traffic flow in the CBD at peak hours. After the completion of the current Electronic Pricing System for superhighways and ordinary highways in 1998, real-time and flexible charging mechanisms has been in place to charge different rates for different road-use conditions to ease traffic issues.