Radio about Global warming
December 7 Dr. Chien’s Eco-report: UNFCCC COP19 III
UNFCCC COP19 convened by the United Nations this year was held in Warsaw, Poland on November 11-22. This year’s results established the terms of reference and agenda for the 2015 Paris Conference for the Post-Kyoto Protocol efforts, completing the roadmap for establishing a 2015 international treaty or agreement which will focus on “contributing” carbon reductions rather than continuing the past approach to “pledging” reductions, and will establish binding legal demands.
The conference decided that to compensate undeveloped and developing economies suffering adverse impacts from extreme climate crises, green climate trust funds will be available for impact amelioration from 2020, with developed countries contributing an annual amount of US$100 billion, for support to undeveloped and developing nations, providing a mechanism for the trust to support third world crisis management and financing.
Originally the four BRICs economies were not yet industrially developed, and their combined carbon emissions weren’t high, but now China alone contributes 29% of global carbon emissions, substantially ahead of the second-place United States with 16%. China’s accumulated emissions are second globally only to the United States. Since this trend is now well established, this year’s meetings saw many advancing developing economies soften their stance on negotiations split with the four BRICs, while low polluters and undeveloped nations strongly demanded achieving the 2015 international convention roadmap.
The Post-Kyoto Protocol agreement is expected to be announced in 2015, with binding legal effect, determining post-2020 carbon emission limits. Since the global community has established the framework for the agreement, but left implementation to the domestic means of each signatory, achieving future implementation of successful reductions in carbon emissions and climate change, will require next year’s submission from each signatory of their plans for expected domestic emissions, and this will be essential for the successful achievement of carbon reductions through the Post-Kyoto Protocol mechanisms.