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2019 Public Opinion on Electricity Use and Energy Transition in Taiwan: People are Concerned about Energy Policy Development without Enough Understanding

The CTCI Education Foundation, Taiwan Institute for Sustainable Energy and  Center for Corporate Sustainability published the results of  2019 Public Opinion on Electricity Use and Energy Transition in Taiwan. The results show that Taiwan people do not have enough grasp of information related to energy, are not clear about the goals of the energy policy, worry that energy transition could lead to power shortage, worsening of air pollution as well as differing reckoning of electricity prices, and anticipation of price hikes of electricity. Electricity use and energy transition are hotly debated domestic topics in Taiwan. Therefore we aim at finding an energy development path that is suitable for Taiwan to provide a viable path for all walks of life to analyze rationally.

 

Table I, Overview of results of 2019 Public Opinion of Electricity Use and Energy Transition in Taiwan

Poll Result

Description

Insufficient grasp of information related to energy

  • 93.3% of respondents are not clear about more than 95% of energy in Taiwan is imported.
  • 38.8% of respondents know correctly that power generation in Taiwan is mostly based on “coal fired power generation.”
  • 33.7% of respondents have the wrong understanding that power generation in Taiwan is mostly based on “nuclear power.”

Understanding of reasons of climate change, not clear about government’s carbon reduction goals

  • 80.5% of people know that greenhouse gases are the major cause of global climate change.
  • 99.9% of people are not clear about the government’s carbon reduction goals by 2025.

People have differing reckoning of electricity price, but the anticipation is it will rise

  • 34.8% of respondents think the electricity price is expensive, yet 42% of people think it is cheap.
  • 90.5% of respondents think electricity price in the future will go up.

Debate that coal fired power generation is likely to cause air pollution

  • 56.9% of respondents think burning coal is the type of power generation that has the most impact on the environment.
  • Only 9% think coal fired power generation is suitable for Taiwan.

Power generation methods suitable for Taiwan (can choose more than one)

  • 44.7% think nuclear power generation is suitable for Taiwan.
  • 31.2% think solar energy is suitable for Taiwan.
  • 30.6% think offshore power generation is suitable for Taiwan.

Worries that Taiwan might experience power shortage, rationing

  • 66.9% of people worry that Taiwan might experience power shortage, rationing.

 

The summarize the 2019 poll results, it shows that it is evident that people do not have enough understanding of the current energy situation of Taiwan, but the results show progress compared to the 2018 poll. Energy transition is enormous government governance and social engineering that needs establishment of a society learning curve with long-term and effective communication. Moreover it needs sufficient discussions on profit and loss analysis. This demands a long-term policy design to replace political mobilization to prevent society from sinking into endless conflicts and confrontations. The purpose of this poll is to promote active, transparent information flow and social dialog as well as to work together with the whole nation to push forward Taiwan’s move in the the new era of energy sustainability.